of Ancient Christian Papyrus found in Egypt 2nd Century AC within Mummy Cases

Mystical Christianity

Research done by Nuit

The Humanity has circumstances - read reasons for every single set of  manifestations within this amazing forever evolving Universe. 

A mummy portrait, 2nd century, first half AC

A mummy portrait, 2nd century, first half AC, Library Image

While exploring these materials please do have in mind that when kids focus is within their hunger, there is nothing else that can entertain as well as food. When Humanity’s focus is within Fear – especially the Fear of Death - there is nothing else that can entertain us as well as Fear..

Nothing is debated if in realms of “ordinary” comprehension. Whether you are in Egypt, China, Syria, Ethiopia or India, at the time of Pharaohs – 2,000BC, a grand-mum or a child will comprehend this with no trouble, both Gold and Power comes from Grace of s.

In this article we will be researching the manuscripts found in 1952 in Egypt, as filling for mummy cases within the Ancient Egyptian graves. The documents form part of the Bodmer group of papers kept at the Bibliotheca Bodmeriana, in Cologne, Switzerland and John Rylands Library, in Mancheser, UK – they were used as an after-death protection prayers during the 2nd century AC.

The first papyri collection contained segments from

- Old Testaments, Deuteronomy

- New Testaments, the oldest dating back to c. 200 AD, 

- Early Greek Poetry and Plays from Homer and Menander 

The World oldest Greek New and Old Testament from Egypt

John Rylands Papyrus Collection

The John Rylands Papyrus Collection is one of the world's most important collections of papyri and consists of items written in a variety of different languages spoken in Egypt recording the lives of people living in Egypt from the fourteenth century BC to the early Middle Ages. a selection of papyri brought from Egypt during 1920, by Bernard P. Grenfell, on behalf of the John Rylands Library, Manchester, UK. also known as the St John's fragment

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rylands_Library_Papyrus_P52

In the reigns of Hadrian (117-138 AC) or even Trajan (98-117 AC) in Egypt we find the first ever mention of John, John Rylands Library Papyrus P52

The scientists agree that it stands as the earliest New Testament papyri so far identified. There is no dispute about its origin, no dispute about translation of the text, some argue about the exact date of creation weather it is during the 1st or 2nd century AC.

Gospel of John Egypt 1st century in Greek

Gospel of John Egypt 1st century in Greek found in Cairo, Egypt

ΟΙ ΙΟΥΔΑΙΟΙ ΗΜΕΙΝ ΟΥΚ ΕΞΕΣΤΙΝ ΑΠΟΚΤΕΙΝΑΙ 
ΟΥΔΕΝΑ ΙΝΑ Ο ΛΟΓΟΣ ΤΟΥ ΙΗΣΟΥ ΠΛΗΡΩΘΗ ΟΝ ΕΙ-
ΠΕΝ ΣΗΜΑΙΝΩΝ ΠΟΙΩ ΘΑΝΑΤΩ ΗΜΕΛΛΕΝ ΑΠΟ-
ΘΝΗΣΚΕΙΝ ΙΣΗΛΘΕΝ ΟΥΝ ΠΑΛΙΝ ΕΙΣ ΤΟ ΠΡΑΙΤΩ-
ΡΙΟΝ Ο ΠΙΛΑΤΟΣ ΚΑΙ ΕΦΩΝΗΣΕΝ ΤΟΝ ΙΗΣΟΥΝ 
ΚΑΙ ΕΙΠΕΝ ΑΥΤΩ ΣΥ ΕΙ O ΒΑΣΙΛΕΥΣ ΤΩΝ ΙΟΥ-
ΔΑΙΩN

(eleven lines lost, containing 18:34-36 )

It reads...

the Jews, "For us it is not permitted to kill
anyone," so that the word of Jesus might be fulfilled, which he spoke

signifying what kind of death he was going to
die. Entered therefore again into the Praetorium

Pilate and summoned Jesus
and said to him, "Thou art king of the
Jews?"

The Gospel of Saint John (P66), 2nd century found in Cairo, Egypt

The papyrus is written on both sides, a sewn and folded book, not a scroll, the scientists agree that it is a Gospel of John 18:31-33

The Gospel of Saint John (P66), 2nd - 3rd century

The Gospel of Saint John (P66), 2nd - 3rd century, Library Image

The manuscript was found in 1952 at Jabal Abu Mana, Egypt, as filling for mummy cases in Ancient Egyptian graves.

P66 is a beautifully preserved historical artifact for its first 26 leaves were basically fully intact after 2,000 years.

Mystical Christianity or Christianity at its very beginning

Found as filling for mummy cases – as an after-death protection, near the town of Nag Hammadi in Middle Egypt, this first papyri collection contained segments from the Old and New Testaments, early Christian literature, Homer, and Menander. The oldest, P66 dates to c. 200 AD.

Philip Comfort in his book “The Quest for the Original Text of the New Testament” published in 1992 claims that the Egyptian papyrus manuscripts are practically the same as the original New Testament text.

Their designations and contents are as follows.

Papyrus 66      John 1:1-6:11; 6:35-14:26; 14:29-30; 15:2-26; 16:2-4, 6-7; 16:10-20:20; 20:22-23; 20:25-21:9.

Papyrus 72      1 Pet 1:1-5:14; 2 Pet 1:1-3:18; Jude 1-25.

Papyrus 75      Luke 3:18-4:22; 4:34-5:10; 5:37-18:18; 22:4-24:53; John 1:1-11:45, 48-57; 12:3-13:1, 8-9; 14:8-30; 15:7-8.

A travel back in time 300BC-0 AC

Without boring you, let’s assess the circumstances. How many people on the planet Earth – Statista.com within their research claims 300 million able bodies, many kids I would presume. Some preserved philosophical scripts claim that the life expectancy was around 35.

Do you read Amharic, Greek, or Egyptian, or Chinese, all of them still very “living” languages and scripts? Or perhaps Hebrew or Arabic? How many do you think could read and write during 0AC?

Such an amazing skill desifering the characters…

The Gospel of John 200AD as Ancient Egyptian manuscript]

The Gospel of John 200AD found as an Ancient Egyptian manuscript written in Greek within an ancient Egyptian mummy’s grave, Library Image

Back to our most thought provoking statistics of 0 AC what do you think how many could travel?

With our innate mistrust towards strangers: perhaps None or jusa Few with either an army of men to follow or a set of beliefs to protect you. Back in time the Athenian General Iphicrates destroyed a Spartan phalanx in the Battle of Lechaeum in 390 BC, using mostly long spears. In the account of Diodorus Siculus there was a reform around 374 BC equipping the army with a small shield, a sword, and a spear.

What a naïve world was the world of our ancestors’ warriors and how far we have gone with our nuclear addiction!

Menander

1 Bust of Menander Marble Roman copy of the Imperial era after a Greek original 343 BC

Menander. Roman copy, after original by Kephisodotos the Younger and Timarchos, sons of Praxiteles, of 4th century B.C. Marble. The Hermitage Museum, St. Petersburg, Russia

Menandros 342 – 290 BC was a Greek dramatist (his father was a ruler ofThrace) who took the prize at the Lenaia festival eight times, and is the best known representative of Athenian New Comedy. He wrote 108 comedies that have all disappeared.

Most of Menander's work did not survive the Middle Ages, except as short fragments. Federico da Montefeltro's library at Urbino claimed to have "tutte le opere", the complete works, but there are no traces of them after Cesare Borgia's transferred the library to the Vatican.

For some reason the work of this very productive artist was considered "improper" by the Authorities, so the Humanity of the Past had it all destroyed, and we learn of him, now, when his collection is found as included within the list of documents found with the Old and New Testaments in Egypt!

In 1907, with the discovery of the Cairo Codex, we found some of his works as papers within mummy cases of rich and influential Egyptian Governors who placed them within their graves to guide them into happy after-life. They considered his work as important as the Bible.

Other papyrus fragments continue to be discovered and published.

The apostle Paul in 1 Corinthians 15:33 quotes Menander in the text "Bad company corrupts good character"

"He who labors diligently need never despair, for all things are accomplished by diligence and labor."

"let the die be cast" meaning "let the game be ventured" famously quoted by Julius Caesar with his army going to a civil war

His more complete plays: Aspis "The Shield", Dyskolos "The Grouch"; Epitrepontes "Men at Arbitration"; Perikeiromene "Girl who has her hair cropped"; George Bernard Shaw suggested “Rape of the Locks”; Samia "Girl from Samos", Sikyonios "Sicyonian"

With only fragments available - Adelphoi "The Brothers", Messenia "The Woman From Messene"; Andria "The Woman From Andros", Androgynos "Hermaphrodite", or Kres "The Cretan", Anepsioi "Cousins", Aphrodisia "The Erotic Arts", or Aphrodisios Apistos "Unfaithful", Arrhephoros "The Bearer of Ritual Objects", Auletris "The Female Flute-Player", Auton Penthon "Grieving For Him"; Boiotis "The Woman From Boeotia" Chera "The Widow", Halieis "The Fishermen", Hiereia "The Priestess", Katapseudomenos "The False Accuser", Knidia "The Woman From Cnidos", Progamoi "People About to Get Married"; Rhapizomene "Woman Getting Her Face Slapped"

So, What was happening in Greece in his time?

Orphism and Mystical Christianity

In North Eastern Hellas about the 6th century BC appeared a beautiful teaching both ascetic and Gaia conscious. Orpheus believed the soul to be divine, aspiring freedom, imprisoned on Earth by the wheel of birth. The soul is on an endless journey, as the companion of many incarnated men and animals. Orpheus proclaims the liberation to all who please God/Gods by self-purification: the purer the lives the higher the reincarnation, until the soul completes the spiral ascent to live as a God.

The real weight and importance of metempsychosis in Western tradition is due to its adoption by Plato. In Plato's view the number of souls was fixed; so birth was always a transmigration from one body to another.

Orpheus and Metempsychosis

Metempsychosis is the title of a longer work by the metaphysical poet John Donne, written in 1601. The poem, also known as the Infinitati Sacrum, consists of two parts, the "Epistle" and "The Progress of the Soul" where by his words he "sings of the progress of a deathless soul". Metempsychosis is also mentioned as the religion of choice by a character Princess Darya Alexandrovna Oblonsky in Leo Tolstoy’s Anna Karenina. Herbert Giles uses the term metempsychosis in his translation of the butterfly dream from the Zhuangzi in Chinese: 莊子

Now before continuing this most interesting spiritual growth and historical narration, I have indeed stopped in shock when I found out the location of North Eastern Hellas. I was born there

Now could it be the same Orpheus, could it be the same semi-barbaric north east?

Image of Thracians Indo European tribe 5th century BC

Image of Thracians Indo European tribe 5th century BC, Wikipedia Image

To my limited knowledge Orpheus is Plato’s mythological character described in a tale that closes his famous Republic. Plato narrates the story of Er, who comes back from the underworld to tell us, mortals, the secrets of the after-life.  

The place of Judgment was full of fun where the souls returning from heaven, were choosing new lives, human and animal. The soul of Orpheus changed into a swan, and various others became a nightingale, an athlete or a wild or tame animals. The souls were given to drink a licker called Lethe and would then shoot away like stars to their birth.

Location of our story, North Eastern Hellas, or Thrace an Ancient name for Europe

Thrace (Greek - θreɪs) is a geographical and historical area in southeast Europe, now split between Serbia, Macedonia, Bosnia, Albania, Kosovo, Bulgaria, Greece and Turkey, which is bounded by the Balkan Mountains to the north, the Mediterranean Sea to the south and the Black Sea to the east. In antiquity, it was also referred to as Europe.

The name Thrace comes from the Thracians, an ancient Indo-European people inhabiting Southeastern Europe.

The Orphic religion, first appeared in Thrace upon the semi barbarous north eastern frontier, in Greece better known as East MacedoniaPythagoras is believed to have practiced it, Egypt has followed it and Pythagoras brought the doctrine from North Eastern Hellas to Magna Graecia, creating spiritual practices for its diffusion.

Byzantine Macedonia 1045AC Serbian area called Thrace

Byzantine Macedonia 1045AC Serbian area called Thrace, Wikipedia Image

Within this Byzantine map of Thrace as depicted in 1045AC, Serbian areas are = Singidunum now the Serbian capital of Belgrade, Naissus is today’s Niš, Ochrida is Ohrid and Prespe Lakes are in Macedonia (old Serbia).

Old Testament, Deuteronomy 5:6-21

deuteronomy-i-x7-4th-century

Deuteronomy-i-x7-4th-century, also a part of Bodmer group of papers purchased in Egypt, Library Image

This papyrus, contains text from the first 10 chapters of Deuteronomy (the fifth book of the Hebrew Bible, or Old Testament, and last of the Torah), holds a place of distinction: among all remaining copies, it is the one of the two oldest (the other being at the British Museum).

Translation reads:

6 I am the LORD your God, who brought you out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of slavery;

7 you shall have no other gods before me.

8 You shall not make for yourself a carved image, whether in the form of anything that is in heaven above, or that is on the earth beneath, or that is in the water under the earth.

9 You shall not bow down to them or worship them...

11 You shall not make wrongful use of the name of the LORD your God, for the LORD will not acquit anyone who misuses his name.

12 Observe the sabbath day and keep it holy, as the LORD your God commanded you. 13 Six days you shall labor and do all your work. 14 But the seventh day is a sabbath to the LORD your God; you shall not do any work...

16 Honor your father and your mother, as the LORD your God commanded you, so that your days may be long and that it may go well with you in the land that the LORD your God is giving you.

17 You shall not murder.

18 Neither shall you commit adultery.

19 Neither shall you steal.

20 Neither shall you bear false witness against your neighbor.

21 Neither shall you covet your neighbor's wife. Neither shall you desire your neighbor's house, or field, or male or female slave, or ox, or donkey, or anything that belongs to your neighbor.

About translations

“I had perceived by experience, how that it was impossible to stablish the lay people in any truth, except the scripture were plainly laid before their eyes in their mother tongue, that they might see the process, order, and meaning of the text.”

—William Tyndale, Preface to the Pentateuch, 1530

An ancient monastery in Northern Ethiopia

Just as a side-light - In an ancient monastery in Northern Ethiopia the Humanity has discovered the Biblical scripts carbon dated in Oxford to be written between 330 and 650 AD. A 1500 year old oral tradition links these Gospels to a Syrian monk who sought haven in Ethiopia in the year 494. The monk was persecuted but the texts were written in Geez – the ancient language predating Ethiopia’s Amharic.

Do you read Geez? Just joking… The paintings are Syrian including portraits of the four Evangelists, but most intriguing is that they depict the Temple of the Jews. The ancient temples we visit as Christian churches in Ethiopia were Jewish Temples are now used for Christian worship.

Even the oldest Syrian Gospel was only completed in 586AC. It is currently safe-guarded at the Laurentian Library in Florence, Italy.

Most interesting artifacts from Egypt in the John Rylands Library, Manchester

A Latin liturgical fragment

A Latin liturgical fragment, a translation from a Greek liturgy, from 3rd - 4th century AC is one of the earliest known Christian fragments to be written in Latin, and the Library guide tells us it is an

'incredibly rare example of Christianity and the Bible becoming meaningful to ordinary people - not just priests and the elite', Library Guide

P. Ryl. 1 7

Description: A Christian hymn to the Savior. The subject of the hymn is the birth of Christ.

Language Greek, Creation site: Egypt, Date created: 6th century AC

Used as an amulet. The papyrus was twice folded so that it could be easily carried on the person.

Hebrew Manuscripts

Another important collection is the twelve thousand fragments from the Synagogue of Ben Ezra in Old Cairo. They give an unusual glimpse into everyday life and religious practices.

There are about 400 codices, Torah scrolls and marriage contracts, dating from the 14th to the 19th century AD. These papyri help us to understand how the Bible was copied, used and transmitted.

Uncanonical Gospel of Mary

One of the most famous examples is the three extant fragments of the uncanonical Gospel of Mary (2nd/3rd century AC).

The University of Manchester Library, U.K.

Library reference: P. Ryl. 3 463

Library Description:

Fragment of Gnostic literature describing a dispute between a female disciple called Mary and a group of male disciples over the teachings of the life of Christ, ending with the disciples resolution to go and preach 'The Gospel according to Mary'. Some scholars have tentatively identified the female disciple as Mary Magdalene.

Time period covered: 1 BCE - 500 CE

Language: Greek

Item height: 89 mm

Item width: 99 mm

Technique used: Handwriting

Support material: Papyrus

Discovery site: Egypt: Oxyrhynchus (mod. Bahnasa)

Acquired in 1917.

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